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CouchDB And MongoDB Performance

28 Oct 2011

I wanted to follow up yesterday's detailed (and objective?) post on CouchDB with some basic benchmarks. I know people hate these types of benchmarks. But I do think it's good to have some very high level idea about these things. Also, both CouchDB and MongoDB have a bulk-api, which is useful for some tasks, but I think most web apps are dealing with fairly small and independent pieces of information. The code is a very poor simulation of the two main queries mogade.com gets.

For the record, journaling is enabled in MongoDB and I'm doing a full fscync on each insert (the ruby driver doesn't support journal commit yet (which would be faster than a full data file fsync)?! guess what I'm doing next...)

The MongoDB code:

require 'mongo'
require 'benchmark'

db = Mongo::Connection.new.db("test")

app_ids = Array.new(10){|i| BSON::ObjectId.new}
scores = db.collection("scores")
scores.ensure_index([['appid', Mongo::ASCENDING], ['points', Mongo::DESCENDING]])

Benchmark.bm do |x|
  x.report do
    10000.times do |i|
      if i % 2 == 0
        scores.insert({:appid => app_ids.sample, :points => rand(100000), :dated => Time.now - rand(100000), :user => i.to_s}, {:safe => true, :fsync => true})
      else
        scores.find({:appid => app_ids.sample}).sort([:points, :descending]).limit(20).skip(rand(20)).to_a
      end
    end
  end
end

    user     system      total        real
6.600000   1.040000   7.640000 ( 12.290563)

The CouchDB code:

require 'couchdb'
require 'uuid'
require 'benchmark'

server = CouchDB::Server.new 'localhost', 5984
database = CouchDB::Database.new server, 'test'

database.delete_if_exists!
database.create_if_missing!
app_ids = Array.new(10){|i| UUID.new.generate}

design = CouchDB::Design.new database, 'application'
view = CouchDB::Design::View.new design, 'scores_by_points', 'function(doc) { emit([doc.appid, doc.points], null); }'
design.save

Benchmark.bm do |x|
  x.report do
    10000.times do |i|
      if i % 2 == 0
        doc = CouchDB::Document.new database, :appid => app_ids.sample, :points => rand(100000), :dated => Time.now - rand(100000), :user => i.to_s
        doc.save
      else
        app_id = app_ids.sample
        scores = view.collection(:startkey => [app_id], :endkey => [app_id,{}], :descending => false, :limit => 10, :include_docs => true)
        scores[0] # i believe the data isn't loaded until you actually request the 1st item
      end
    end
  end
end

     user     system      total        real
22.800000   6.040000  28.840000 (177.352028)

Again, being a CouchDB nub, I possibly did something very stupid (beyond running and posting yet another stupid benchmark), so I welcome any corrections to the code

Oh, and I know my blog dates are wrong...it's a mistake which has proven a slippery slope

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